The project boundary of Xi’an City covers seven urban districts (Xincheng, Beilin, Lianhu, Yanta, Baqiao, Weiyang and Chang’an). Two-levels of government are responsible for waste management in the city with Xi’an Municipal Administration Bureau being the key institution at the municipal level. It takes care for the macro-management of municipal environmental sanitation as well as guides and supervises the authorities of district-, county- and development zone-levels. Xi’an is in the process of a massive readjustment of its MSW management: the city used to rely on a sanitary landfill to treat its waste, but now, as one of the 46 Key Pilot Cities for mandatory waste segregation at source, it is required to have a diversified infrastructure in place including at least a few waste-to-energy (WtE) plants and a few biogas plants for treating organic waste. Recycling is, of course, another crucial realm of city’s activities.